As a provincial-level historical and cultural city, Xindu enjoys time-honored history of almost 2,800 years and outstanding people. In the 7th century B.C., Kaimingshi, the king of Ancient Shu, founded the capital named “Xindu” at the location. Afterwards, Qin State annihilated Ancient Shu and changed Xindu into a county under the jurisdiction of Shu Prefecture in 316 B.C. It then changed the name as “Xingle County” in Sui Dynasty and was renamed as “Xindu County” early in Tang Dynasty. With the name still in use today, the county was once divided in Wenjiang region. It returned county system in 1962, merged into Chengdu in 1983, and had the country system repealed and be established as Xindu District in 2002.
Xindu is famous for its literature, since it has produced numerous great scholars since Han Dynasty. The representative personages include the educators of Yang Hou, Duan Yi, Ren Mo and the well-known doctor Guo Yu in Han Dynasty; the poet Zhu Taozhui and the eminent monk Fa Jin in Tang Dynasty; the virtuous official Mei Zhi and Gou Tao in Song Dynasty; the Prime Minister (in feudal China) Zhang Hui and scholar Yang Min in Yuan Dynasty, the “Seven Scholars of Yang’s Family” leaded by the Prime Minister Yang Ting and his son Yang Shen (who once won the No.1 scholar in the imperial competitive examination) in Ming Dynasty; the six virtuous men centered on the ideologist Fei Mi and monk poet Xue Tang in Qing Dynasty; Wu Yu, the pioneer of China’s New Culture Movement; Wang Mingzhang, the anti-Japanese patriotic military leader; Zhou Conghua, the hero in China's liberation war and Ai Wu, the literary giant.
Xindu also boasts various historical sites, popular parks and abundant unearthed relics, which are all treasures in China’s brilliant history. Nearly ten thousand of cultural relics could be found in its museums, among which the famous ones include “Shimen Guan”, the stone tomb door inscribed in Li Script of Han Dynasty, which is collected by the district museum; the vividly-molded figurine of storyteller (the Eastern Han Dynasty) with exaggerated facial expression, the portrait brick (the Eastern Han Dynasty) with rich subjects and exquisite depiction. Besides, Baoguang Monastery also keeps a series of precious Buddhist relics, including the“Three Cultural Treasures” – Buddha’s relics, Palm Leaf Manuscript and Magnolia delavayi.
Baoguang Monastery and Sheng'an Gui Lake are the two national key cultural relic protection units in the district. Founded in the Eastern Han Dynasty, Baoguang Monastery is listed among “the Four Great Buddhist Mountains on Yangtze River Basin”. Its Hall of Arhats is rare to be seen in China for there are over 500 statues of arhats with different and vivid figures. The Sheng’an Gui Lake is honored as “the No.1 Lake in the West of Sichuan”, which is also the hometown of Yang Shen, the great scholar in Ming Dynasty and the author of the popular poem “East flows the mighty Yangtze River, its rolling waves have washed away all the heroes”. Besides, the East Lake of Xinfan Village built by Li Deyu (the famous official in Tang Dynasty) is one of the two existing cultural parks of Tang Dynasty in China.